Hepatitis C virus spreads primarily through contact with the blood of an infected person. This contact could occur in various ways:

  • Through transfusion of infected blood or blood-related products.
  • Sharing drug needles or other drug materials with an infected person.
  • Getting an accidental needle prick from needles that were used on an infected person.
  • Getting tattooed or pierced with unsterilized tools that were used on an infected person.
  • Having contact with blood or open bleeding cuts of an infected person.
  • Having unprotected sex with an infected person.
  • Using an infected person’s razor, toothbrush, etc.
  • Children being born to a mother having hepatitis C disease.
  • Through renal dialysis (used in case of kidney failure).
  • Having undergone an organ transplant from an infected donor.